Physical Review Letters
Issue 4 - 22 July 1996

Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, No. 4, 683-686 (1996)

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Stick-Slip Motion and Force Fluctuations in a Driven Two-Wave Potential

M. G. Rozman, M. Urbakh, and J. Klafter
School of Chemistry, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
Received 20 February 1996

A model of a particle interacting with two periodic potentials, one of which is externally driven, is analyzed. Three regimes are identified in the motion of the driven plate: (a) stick-slip motion, (b) intermittent stick slip characterized by force fluctuations, and (c) sliding which occurs above a critical driving velocity vc. In the vicinity of vc the power spectra of the force obey a omega -2 law and the force fluctuations decrease as (vc-v)1/2 for v<vc. Our calculations suggest that stick-slip dynamics is characterized by chaotic behavior of the top plate and the embedded molecular system. An equation is derived which provides a coarse-grained description of the plate motion near vc.

©1996 The American Physical Society

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